Infection is one of the most serious complications of liposuction. Choosing a qualified medical institution is a prerequisite to ensure the safety of the operation. Liposuction surgery should follow the principle of “small amounts and many times”, and don’t sacrifice health at the expense of speed.
In many medical and aesthetic institutions, liposuction (Liposuction) is one of the surgical items with the largest turnover. However, behind this boom, there have been many deaths of patients related to liposuction and fat filling in recent years. In a report that has exploded on social media in the past two days, a woman in Hangzhou died of an infection after undergoing liposuction for 2 months. So how exactly is liposuction performed? Is the operation safe? Are all people suitable for liposuction?
- Liposuction surgery is one of the most common cosmetic plastic surgery, it cannot replace weight loss
“Liposuction” is actually not a formal name. In plastic surgery, this operation is named “Liposuction” or “Liposuction”. It is currently the most popular body sculpture surgery in the world. In the past 10 years, the number of liposuction performed in the United States has been among the best, and this operation is also one of the most common cosmetic plastic surgery in China.
What is Liposuction
Liposuction surgery uses the principle of negative pressure and the basis of negative pressure suction technology to absorb the accumulated fat under the skin through a small incision in the skin. Liposuction can permanently remove the excessive accumulation of fat cells in certain parts and reproduce the beauty and curvaceous beauty of the human body. However, surgery cannot replace weight loss. It can only eliminate excessive obesity in the abdomen, buttocks, limbs and other parts. This localized Obesity is usually difficult to achieve by general weight loss methods alone, and its purpose is to improve body shape and body sculpture. Common liposuction areas include the face, jaw, abdomen, lower back, buttocks, limbs, etc.
Why Undergo the Treatment?
For the purpose of liposuction, the meaning of body sculpture is far greater than weight loss (weight reduction) itself. The suitable people should be healthy seekers with practical aspirations and goals. They are not obese patients, have a stable weight, and are not obese. Before the operation, he agreed to change his lifestyle (for example, he promised to make necessary changes in diet, exercise, and other lifestyles).
Contraindications for liposuction surgery (contraindications refer to diseases or conditions that are not suitable for certain treatment measures) also include people with systemic diseases that cannot tolerate surgery, such as cardiovascular diseases, wound healing disorders in diabetic patients, and thrombotic veins People with inflammation and coagulopathy are not suitable for liposuction. Women during menstruation, pregnancy, and breastfeeding, as well as those with morbid obesity, mental disorders, abnormal perception of physical appearance, and infections in the local skin of the liposuction area, are not suitable for surgery. In addition, if the expectation of the surgery is too high or It is to demanding on its own body shape, and it is not suitable for surgery.
- Infection is one of the most serious complications of liposuction, and there is a risk of death
At the beginning of liposuction, the doctor will first inject swelling fluid containing local anesthetics and some other drugs into the liposuction area. On the one hand, the local anesthetics in the swelling fluid can relieve pain; on the other hand, the swelling fluid contains vasoconstrictive drugs such as adrenaline, which can shrink the blood vessels in the liposuction area, reduce the probability of vascular damage during liposuction surgery, and reduce bleeding. In addition, the swelling fluid can also make fat particles easy to suck out. After injecting the swelling fluid, the doctor can use the liposuction needle to connect the electric negative pressure liposuction machine or the negative pressure syringe to suck out the fat and perform the liposuction operation.
Nowadays, surgical procedures and links are gradually being refined. In order to ensure the safety and effectiveness of patients undergoing surgery, all countries have formulated strict technical operation guidelines for liposuction to avoid and prevent the complications of liposuction and other shaping treatments. disease. Even so, liposuction is not without risks. Its complications include mild postoperative nausea, vomiting, postoperative local unevenness or contour deformity, as well as bleeding, hematoma, seroma, skin pain and numbness, and severe cases. There will be skin necrosis, venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and even death.
Among the complications related to liposuction, infection and embolism are the two most dangerous. The probability of thrombosis or embolism during liposuction is about 1%, and the infection rate is about 2%-5%. The reasons for the infection are mostly related to the conditions of the operation and the recovery status after the operation. Although the incision of liposuction is small, the scope of surgery is large. If it is infected early after liposuction, it may induce systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), which can then develop into septic shock and eventually lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndromes (MODS) .
When infection occurs after liposuction surgery, the huge wound surface provides a breeding ground for bacteria and also provides an opportunity for bacteria to enter the bloodstream and cause septic shock. Due to the weak resistance to infection at the wound site, there is no local blood vessel growth, and antibiotics are difficult to reach, so it is more likely to form a more serious infection, which then causes septic shock, and is accompanied by continuous circulation and cell metabolism sufficient to increase mortality. Disorder, leading to more serious consequences.
- Regular medical institutions are the basis for the safety and effectiveness of liposuction surgery, and the operation should follow the principle of “small and many times”
As mentioned above, the cause of infection is related to the conditions of the operation and the recovery status after the operation. In order to ensure the safety of the operation, legal and compliant medical institutions should be selected.
In the liposuction operation performed by regular medical institutions, strict aseptic operations must be performed. From the preparation of swelling fluid, injection of swelling fluid to liposuction, strict aseptic principles must be implemented to avoid contamination. For infections related to liposuction surgery, timely observation, early detection, early diagnosis, and early accurate treatment must also be given. Symptomatic and supportive treatment, the application of broad-spectrLiposuction Surgery: Woman Dies after Failed Liposuction Surgeryum antibiotics, the discovery of necrotic tissues as early as possible incision and drainage, and full and thorough debridement are essential.
Choosing a qualified medical institution is a prerequisite to ensure the effectiveness of the operation, but also to ensure the safety of the operation. If there is such a demand, you can check the qualifications of relevant medical institutions and chief surgeons on the official websites of the National and Provincial Health Commissions. Of course, the Plastic Surgery Department of a national-level tertiary A public hospital is a safer choice.
Finally, it should be particularly emphasized that liposuction surgery should follow the principle of “small amount and many times”. With fewer suction parts, the trauma will be less, the recovery will be faster, and the pain will be relatively less. Conversely, large-area liposuction is traumatic, painful, slow recovery, and requires a large number of anesthetic drugs, which will increase the risk of anesthesia accidents. In addition, large-area liposuction is labor-intensive work for the operating doctor, and it is easy to fatigue. Even if there is no safety problem, the accuracy of the suction will be reduced due to fatigue, which will affect the effect of the operation. Therefore, if you do have to do this operation, don’t choose “one step” as soon as possible. It seems to save time and money, but in fact, the bet is on health.
Love the read? Please follow, like, and share