Cardiac arrest is a condition that brings the heart to an immediate stop. This happens from the unexpected loss of a heart function. Cardiac arrest originates from electrical disturbances from the heart.
In most cases, people tend to use the terms cardiac arrest and heart attack interchangeably. However, the two terms are not synonyms. A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to the heart is suddenly blocked.
A cardiac arrest is when the heart multifunction and stops beating drastically.
Causes of Cardiac Arrest.
There are several factors that lead to cardiac arrest the two most common factors are ventricular and atrial fibrillation.
The human heart has four chambers. The two low chambers are the ventricles . In Ventricular fibrillation, these chambers wear out of control.
This wear causes the heart’s rhythm to change immediately. The ventricles start to pump inefficiently which decreases the normal amount of blood pumped in the body.
When blood circulation becomes unevenly distributed, it may lead to sudden Cardiac arrest and finally death.
The heart stops beating after arrhythmia in the top chambers of the heart known as the atria stop functioning efficiently.
If there is not correct impulses, the Sinoatrial node does not send the right electrical charges. The Sinoatrial node regulates how quickly the heart pumps blood. If the Sinoatrial node fails to regulate blood well, an individual may face Cardiac Arrest.
Conditions that may accelerate Cardiac Arrest
There are many heart conditions that may increase the risk of cardiac arrest :
- Coronary Heart Disease.These heart disease starts from the coronary arteries. They supply the heart with muscle. If they arteries get blocked, your heart fails to obtain enough blood. It may stop working .
- Large heart.Some children are born with abnormally large hearts , this increases the risks of cardiac arrest and the heart may fail to beat properly.
- Congenital Heart Disorder.Some people are born with heart damage. This condition is called a heart problem. This disorder occurs among children.
- Electrical Impulse IssuesIf you have an issue with your hearts system, you can increase the risk of cardiac arrest. the problems are also called rhythm abnormalities.
- High blood pressure
- Drug and substance abuse
- low magnesium and potassium
- Family history (Genetics)
Symptoms of cardiac arrest
It is possible to understand the early symptoms of cardiac arrest and receive treatment before the condition worsens. These are the symptoms:
- heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue and body weakness
- loss of consciousness
- low or no pulse
- chest pains
- breathing difficulty
Excessive Foods You Should Avoid to Prevent Cardiac Arrest
- Sugar, Salt and FatHigh amounts of salt, sugar and fat can increase the risk of heart attack . It is advisable to balance these foods with heart-healthy fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low fat dairy products
- BaconBacon fats are obtained from saturated fats which can increase your low density lipoprotein or cholesterol levels which can result to heart attacks and stroke. When full of salts, it makes the blood pump at a high rate . High amounts of sodium can increase Cardiac arrest
- Red MeatConsuming too much beef, pork can increase the odds of having heart disease and diabetes. These is because they are high in saturated fats which increase cholesterol.
- SodaModerate soda consumption is not bad for you health, however too much soda consumption can be harmful. Soda drinkers gain more weight and are likely to gain more weight which can eventually lead to obesity.
- PizzaPizza contains huge amounts of sodium, fats and calories all which are a threat to your heart. To consume healthy pizza, it is important to make it yourself.
- AlcoholModerate alcohol consumption has no effect on your body, unless if you suffer from high blood pressure or triglycerides. Heavy drinking can cause strokes, heart failure and even weight gain. This can cause Cardiac arrest and even death
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- Atrial fibrillation (Afib). (2015, May)
- Graham, R., McCoy, M. A., & Schultz, A. M. (2015, June 30). Strategies to improve cardiac arrest survival: A time to act
- Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015, December 8). Sudden cardiac arrest
- Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015, December 11). Coronary artery disease
- Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014, November 1). Ventricular fibrillation
- What is atrial fibrillation (AFib or AF)? (2014, April 16)